FACTORS INFLUENCE THE TEMPERATURE

1.LATITUDE
TEMPERATURE ARE HIGHER AT OR NEAR THE EQUATOR
IF AWAY(NORTH & SOUTH POLE) FROM THE EQUATOR TEMPERATURE ARE LOWER
REASONS
FOR THIS IS THE SURFACE OF THE EARTH’S PART IS CURVED. AS THE RESULT, THE SUN ‘S VERTICAL RAY STRIKE DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE EARTH SURFACE AT DIFFERENT ANGLES. AT THE EQUATOR, THE VERTICAL RAYS HIT THE EARTH’S SURFACE AT AN ANGLE OF 90◦(ANGLE OF INCIDENCE) TOWARDS THE POLES.
2. ALTITUDE
ALTITUDE IS THE HEIGHT ABOVE THE SEA LEVEL
HIGH ALTITUDE (AT THE MOUNTAIN), LOW TEMPERATURE
LOW ALTITUDE (ON LAND SURFACE), HIGH TEMPERATURE
REASONS
AT THE HIGHER ALTITUDES , THE AMOUNT OF ATMOSPHERE DECREASES AND AS THE RESULT THERE IS LESS WATER VAPOUR IN THE AIR. THE ATMOSPHERE ABSORBS LESS HEAT AND THEREFORE THE TEMPERATURE AT HIGHER ALTITUDE DROPS.
3.DISTANCE FROM THE SEA
THE DIFFERENCE IN HEATING OF LAND AND WATER AFFECTS THE TEMPERATURE OF PLACES LOCATED NEAR THE COAST DIFFERENTLY FROM THOSE LOCATED INLAND.
MARITIME INFLUENCE
WHEN THE SEA IS COOLER THAN THE LAND IN SUMMER, IT LOWER THE TEMPERATURE OF COASTAL PLACE. HOWEVER , DURING THE WINTER THE SEA IS WARMER THAN THE LAND AND KEEP COASTAL PLACES WARMER BY MODERATING THE WINTER TEMPERATURE.
CONTINENTAL INFLUENCE
LOCATED IN THE INTERIOR OF LARGE CONTINENTS  OR LAND MASSES ARE UNDER CONTINENTAL INFLUENCE, THAT IS,THE SEA DOES NOT AN EFFECT ON THEM AS THEY ARE TOO FAR IN TEMPERATURES. AS LAND HEATS UP RAPIDLY, INLAND LOCATIONS TEND TO HAVE HOTTER SUMMERS THAN AREAS NEAR THE COAST IN SIMILAR LATITUDES.
4. OCEAN CURRENTS
OCEAN CURRENTS ARE LARGE STREAMS OF WATER FLOWING IN THE OCEANS. THESE GENERATED WHEN WINDS BLOW OVER THE WATER SURFACE.
THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF OCEAN CURRENTS.
COLD CURRENTS THAT BRINGS WATER FROM THE POLAR REGIONS
WARM CURRENTS THAT BRING WARM WATER TO THE POLAR REGIONS
OCEAN CURRENTS CAN RAISE OR LOWER THE TEMPERATURE OF NEARBY COASTAL AREA.
COASTAL AREA WHICH AFFECTED BY WARM CURRENTS WILL BE KEPT WARM DURING WINTER IF THE COLD CURRENTS MOVE ALONG THE COAST THEY WILL LOWER THE TEMPERATURES OF THE AREA.
5. HUMIDITY
HUMIDITY IS THE AMOUNT OF WATER VAPOUR IN THE ATMOSPHERE AND ITS INFLUENCES THE CLOUD COVER IN THE SKY.
THE HIGHER THE HUMIDITY THE GREATER AMOUNT OF CLOUD COVER.
THE LOWER THE HUMIDITY THE LESS AMOUNT OF CLOUD COVER.

6.CLOUD COVER
PLACE NEAR THE EQUATOR HAS GREATER AMOUNT OF CLOUD COVER
AREAS IN THE DESERT WHERE HUMIDITY IS LOW WILL HAVE LOWER AMOUNT OF CLOUD COVER.
7. ASPECT
ASPECT IS THE DIRECTION IN WHICH A SLOPE FACES IN RELATION TO THE SUN.
IN THE TROPICAL AREAS THE ASPECT IS NOT MUCH IMPORTANCE BECAUSE THE SUN IS HIGH IN THE SKY DURING MID DAY.
IN THE TEMPERATE AREAS, THE SUN IS LOW ANGLE IN WINTER, THIS WILL AFFECT THE TEMPERATURE OF SLOPES THAT FACE NORTH TO SOUTH. IN NORTH HEMISPHERE, THE SOUTH FACING SLOPE RECEIVE GREATER CONCENTRATION OF SOLAR RADIATION AND USUALLY WARMER THAN THE NORTH FACING SLOPE.
8. TYPES OF LAND SURFACE
DENSE FOREST– THE VEGETATION PREVENTS SOLAR RADIATION FROM REACHING THE GROUND DIRECTLY. THE GROUND REMAIN COOL.
IN THE CITY– THE PRESENCE OF CONCRETE SURFACE TENDS TO KEEP THE AIR TEMPERATURE HIGH. THE CONCRETE SURFACE ABSORB HEAT DURING THE DAY AND RETAIN THE HEAT AT NIGHT.

TEMPERATURE

DEFINITION
TEMPERATURE IS THE DEGREE OF HOTNESS OR COLDNESS OF THE ATMOSPHERE
MEASUREMENT
TEMPERATURE IS MEASURED IN DEGREES CELSIUS (◦ C) or DEGREES FARENHEIT (◦F)
INSTRUMENTS USED
SIX’S THERMOMETER ( MAX & MIN THERMOMETER)
Six’s Thermometer, Can you read the max temperature and min temperature?
THE FORMULA
AVERAGE (MEAN) TEMPERATURE= MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE + MINIMUM TEMPERATURE / 2 ( Maximum temp + minimum temp divided by 2)
ANNUAL (DAILY) DIURNAL RANGE TEMPERATURE = MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE - MINIMUM TEMPERATURE