WHAT IS QUALITY OF LIFE?
Quality of life is not the same as standard of living.
The differences between quality of life and standard of living are
The higher the standard of living the higher the quality of life but this don’t reflect they have a good quality of life. For example; a person have high earning and flashy cars but live somewhere where there’s a lot of crime and pollution.
Different parts of the world define different meaning or ideas of quality of life.
In UK, they might think being posh, having nice house, owning a car and having access to leisure facilities
In Ethiopia, they might think it means having clean drinking water, plenty of food and somewhere to live and no threat of violence.
Map showing the MEDCs and LEDC
Factors that affect the development of the countries
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
i) Poor Climate
Countries with poor climates (really hot or cold) they wont be able to grow much so the amount of food produced is reduced.
Malnutrition rises as the main problem e.g. Chad and Ethiopia
Countries without expenses since they have fewer crops to sell and government will get less money from taxes .
ii) Poor farming land
If the land in a country is steep (mountainous areas) or has poor soil then they wont be able to produce a lot of food.
iii) Limited Water supply
Some countries don’t have a lot of water. Examples Egypt and Jordan. This makes it harder for them to produce a lot of food.
iv) Natural Hazards
Event like earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruption, tropical storm, droughts and flooding will affect the people’s live and property.
Bangladesh spend a lot of money to rebuild after the disaster. This reduce the quality of life where the government will reduce the amount of money spend on development projects.
v) Few raw materials
Countries without the raw materials like coals, oil or metal ores tend to make less money because they have got fewer products to sell.
Less money will spend on development.
Some countries do have a lot of raw materials but still aren’t very developed because they don’t have the money to develop the infrastructure to exploit them.
2. POLITICAL FACTORS
i) UNSTABLE GOVERNMENT- might not invest on healthcare, education and improving the economy.
ii) CORRUPTED GOVERNMENT- the richer gets more richer while poorer gets more poorer and have low quality of life.
iii) POLITICAL TURMOIL- wars in a country will loses the money that they could spend on development also reduce the country’s economy where people will not working, buildings are destroyed etc.
3. ECONOMIC FACTORS
i) Poor Trade links
Trade among other countries in term of exchange of good and services.
World Trade Pattern will influence the country’s economy and so affect their level of development.
If a country has poor trade links , it wont make a lot of money .
ii) Debts $$
Very poor countries borrow money from other countries and international organization to help with the aftermath of a natural disaster
Money has to pay with some interest
No money to use for economic development.
iii) An economy based on primary product
i) Drinking water
More developed countries will have clean drinking water available.
If the water is dirty, they will get ill and waterbourne disease include typhoid and cholera.
Being ill will reduce a person’s quality of life.
People cant work and will reduce the economy and cost money to treat.
ii) The place of women in society
A country will be more developed if women have an equal place with men in society.
Women who have an equal place in society are more likely to be educated and to work.
Women who are educated and work have a better quality of life and the country has more money to spend on development because there are more people contributing to the economy.
iii) Child Education
The more children that go to school (rather than work) the more developed a country will be.
Better education will get better jobs.
Being educated and have a good job improves the person’s quality of life and increase the money country country has to spend on development.
Reducing Global Inequality
Fair trade means that the producer receives a guaranteed and fair price for their product regardless of the price on the world market. This means their quality of life should improve, as well as the long-term prospects for their children.
Fair trade products sometimes cost more in supermarkets in MEDCs, but many consumers consider this a small price to pay for the benefits they bring.
Fair trade sets minimum standards for the pay and conditions of workers. The Fair Trade Organisation promotes Global Citizenship by guaranteeing a fair, minimum price for products. In this way, they support producers in improving their living conditions. About 5 million people benefit from Fair Trade in 58 countries.
Fair trade products are becoming more widespread and include tea, coffee, sugar, chocolate and cotton.
More Economically Developed Countries (MEDCs) have high levels of economic development compared with Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs).
Many MEDCs make allowance in their domestic budgets to provide aid to LEDCs. This aid may be given as part of a planned process or as a response to an emergency.
Many charities also exist to provide aid to LEDCs.
TYPES OF AID
3. Charitable aid – funded by donations from the public through organisations such as OXFAM.
4. Long term or development aid – involves providing local communities with education and skills for sustainable development, usually through organisations such as Practical Action.
5. Multilateral aid – given through international organisations such as the World Bank rather than by one specific country.