Locate at the coastal areas where the ground is muddy and water logged.
Found in the sheltered, low lying tropical coasts such as in West Africa, South east Asia and Australia.
Structure of the forest
No distinct vertical layering in the mangrove forest
Mangrove trees are uniform height, about 15 m tall
Grow very close together, little sunlight to reach the forest floor
Distinct horizontal zones as moving to inland from the coast.
Nearer the coast, mangrove tree grow well in saltwater, while further inland less tolerant of salt.
Mangrove trees have broad leaves which have drip trips that allow rainwater to flow quickly.
Leathery texture to prevent excessive loss of moisture through transpiration as well as to let the water flow quickly off the leaves.
Mangrove trees are adapted effectively to saltwater environment.
Mangrove tree have three interesting types of roots
3. Breathing roots
Both prop and buttress root extend from the trunk above the ground. These anchor the mangrove tree firmly to the muddy ground. This is to ensure the trees are not easily washed away.
Breathing roots jut out of the mud to help the trees take in oxygen directly from the atmosphere.